The more I observe the general approach being employed by many in the medical and diabetes health communities to address the ‘diabetes epidemic,’ the more I wince.
At the heart of the matter, there seems to be a general undercurrent of belief regarding the condition: diabetes type 2 is a straightforward situation, so just exercise more, and eat less. I get that vibe a lot when I watch TV, read the news, or read the blogs of many a well-meaning health professional and health advocacy organization. While this is generally true in principle and the advice and ideas of many of these folks are helpful, one comes away with the impression that they consider diabetes to be a one-size-fits-all situation, where people are simply undisciplined. This is a nearsighted perspective that is unhelpful for the patient – it fails to truly address the multi-dimensional psychological aspects of a person living with the condition, and thus, their ability to truly embrace the challenge.
What do I mean by this?
What I mean is that diabetes is simply a symptom of a problem. Let’s think about this situation for a moment. Would we tell an anorexic or bulimic patient who has developed heart disease to simply start eating more, or to simply stop throwing up? No. We understand that these behaviors are symptoms of a larger problem – that there are psychological challenges at work, creating disordered eating in this person’s life. We can tell a person with anorexia how undereating will kill them, or a bulimic how throwing up will damage the enamel of their teeth – but no amount of information is going to stop the disordered behavior. There needs to be intense psychological intervention in order to address the warped perceptions in the patient’s life.
This is just one example of how a chain of events can lead to chronic condition in someone’s life. Every ‘someone’ ought to be treated in ways which are tailored to their life experience. Now, while not all persons with diabetes are obese, the fact of the matter is that the majority of persons with type 2 diabetes have some disordered eating, are overweight, or are obese, and the reasons for this need to be addressed.
- There are some folks who may have gained some weight simply because they are very busy — be it busy parents with families, or busy professionals – and they might just need some help tweaking their habits. These types of folks could benefit from just a bit of guidance on how to readjust, and minimize just reaching for the convenient meal or junk food snack;
- There are folks who’ve gained weight due to illness, medications, or immobility, and could use some help juggling the situations; and
- There are some folks who genuinely have disordered eating, and have gained massive amounts of weight: folks who use food as a form of comfort, as a form of treating pain or depression, as a form of coping with life much in the same ways a person might use drugs or alcohol, etc.
Whatever that person’s reason to struggle with disordered eating which has lead to weight gain – it needs to be addressed first. We recognize that disorders like anorexia and bulimia are dangerous, and not just a matter of ‘eating more,’ and stopping the dangerous habits. So why don’t we recognize that a large number of people who are obese also have a deadly eating disorder and are in need of psychological attention? Would we throw an eating plan at folks with anorexia, or bulimia, and expect them to fix themselves? Or would we give them much needed psychotherapy, and coaching, to help them succeed?
We need to understand that type 2 diabetes can affect a large variety of people who are in many different walks of life, and with many different social challenges. Assessing the patient in a wholistic way – addressing the level of psychosocial support and therapy that a patient might need in order to overcome their health challenges will be ESSENTIAL to managing the diabetes epidemic. There is no amount of healthy foods, exercise facilities, and information that can fix a person whose mind is warped by the thoughts and cycles of disordered eating. Therapy is needed, and it must not be ignored.